Fingerprint sensor-scanner with Arduino

finger print sensor arduino

The Fingerprint is one of the safest way to detect and identify the Authorized person, We know that fingerprint is unique even identical twins do not have identical fingerprints. By using this we can make pretty sure about security needs. To add fingerprint verification in microcontroller projects we can use this all in one optical fingerprint sensor-scanner (R305), It makes fingerprint detection and verification super simple.




By using this sensor we can make Bio-metric authentication and access control based Electronic projects easily.

R305 Optical Fingerprint Sensor-Scanner

fingerprint sensor pinout

 

This optical fingerprint reader devices uses high powered DSP chip AS601 form Synochip, that does the image rendering, calculation, feature finding and searching. It provides TTL serial out hence we can connect to any microcontroller or system. The DSP processor has on board FLASH memory which can store 120 finger prints. Thanks to the Adafruit here we have Fingerprint library so that connect this sensor to Arduino as well.

Fingerprint sensor Arduino Hookup

The fingerprint identification process has two steps that is

1. Enrolling Fingerprint,

2. Matching Fingerprint.

These two steps makes microcontroller / System to authenticate right fingerprint.

To use this sensor with Computer

(Only windows operating system)


fingerprint sensor arduino tx rx
    Image credit: adafruit.com

Connect the white wire from the sensor to Arduino D0 pin and green wire to Arduino D1 pin. Put red & black in (+5V & GND) respectively. After the wiring over upload the following sketch to Arduino board.

Arduino Code 

 

// this sketch will allow you to bypass the Atmega chip
// and connect the fingerprint sensor directly to the USB/Serial
// chip converter.
// Red connects to +5V
// Black connects to Ground
// White goes to Digital 0
// Green goes to Digital 1
void setup() {}
void loop() {}

The “blank” sketch won’t work for ATmega32u4-based Arduinos hence use the following sketch

Arduino Code for (ATmega32u4)

 

//Leo_passthru
// Allows Leonardo to pass serial data between
// fingerprint reader and Windows.
//
// Red connects to +5V
// Black connects to Ground
// Green goes to Digital 0
// White goes to Digital 1
void setup() {
Serial1.begin(57600);
Serial.begin(57600);
}
void loop()
{
while (Serial.available())
Serial1.write(Serial.read());
while (Serial1.available())
Serial.write(Serial1.read());
}

To read fingerprint through windows system we need special GUI software called “SFGdemo” just google it to get one.

After Loading the above code open the “SFGdemo” software.

Screenshot  
sfg demo

 

sfg fingerprint

Credit : http://www.elecrow.com/wiki/index.php?title=Fingerprint_Sensor

To use this sensor with Arduino Board

finger print sensor arduino hookup

Connect wires as per the hookup diagram shows.

Get the fingerprint library here and put it in Arduino ide library section.

Open the code directly by the path in Arduino IDE: File -> Example ->Adafruit_Fingerprint→enroll

Code to Enrolling with Arduino 

 

#include <Adafruit_Fingerprint.h>
#include <SoftwareSerial.h>

uint8_t getFingerprintEnroll(int id);


// pin #2 is IN from sensor (GREEN wire)
// pin #3 is OUT from arduino  (WHITE wire)
SoftwareSerial mySerial(2, 3);

Adafruit_Fingerprint finger = Adafruit_Fingerprint(&mySerial);

void setup()  
{
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Serial.println("fingertest");

  // set the data rate for the sensor serial port
  finger.begin(57600);
  
  if (finger.verifyPassword()) {
    Serial.println("Found fingerprint sensor!");
  } else {
    Serial.println("Did not find fingerprint sensor :(");
    while (1);
  }
}

void loop()                     // run over and over again
{
  Serial.println("Type in the ID # you want to save this finger as...");
  int id = 0;
  while (true) {
    while (! Serial.available());
    char c = Serial.read();
    if (! isdigit(c)) break;
    id *= 10;
    id += c - '0';
  }
  Serial.print("Enrolling ID #");
  Serial.println(id);
  
  while (!  getFingerprintEnroll(id) );
}

uint8_t getFingerprintEnroll(int id) {
  int p = -1;
  Serial.println("Waiting for valid finger to enroll");
  while (p != FINGERPRINT_OK) {
    p = finger.getImage();
    switch (p) {
    case FINGERPRINT_OK:
      Serial.println("Image taken");
      break;
    case FINGERPRINT_NOFINGER:
      Serial.println(".");
      break;
    case FINGERPRINT_PACKETRECIEVEERR:
      Serial.println("Communication error");
      break;
    case FINGERPRINT_IMAGEFAIL:
      Serial.println("Imaging error");
      break;
    default:
      Serial.println("Unknown error");
      break;
    }
  }

  // OK success!

  p = finger.image2Tz(1);
  switch (p) {
    case FINGERPRINT_OK:
      Serial.println("Image converted");
      break;
    case FINGERPRINT_IMAGEMESS:
      Serial.println("Image too messy");
      return p;
    case FINGERPRINT_PACKETRECIEVEERR:
      Serial.println("Communication error");
      return p;
    case FINGERPRINT_FEATUREFAIL:
      Serial.println("Could not find fingerprint features");
      return p;
    case FINGERPRINT_INVALIDIMAGE:
      Serial.println("Could not find fingerprint features");
      return p;
    default:
      Serial.println("Unknown error");
      return p;
  }
  
  Serial.println("Remove finger");
  delay(2000);
  p = 0;
  while (p != FINGERPRINT_NOFINGER) {
    p = finger.getImage();
  }

  p = -1;
  Serial.println("Place same finger again");
  while (p != FINGERPRINT_OK) {
    p = finger.getImage();
    switch (p) {
    case FINGERPRINT_OK:
      Serial.println("Image taken");
      break;
    case FINGERPRINT_NOFINGER:
      Serial.print(".");
      break;
    case FINGERPRINT_PACKETRECIEVEERR:
      Serial.println("Communication error");
      break;
    case FINGERPRINT_IMAGEFAIL:
      Serial.println("Imaging error");
      break;
    default:
      Serial.println("Unknown error");
      break;
    }
  }

  // OK success!

  p = finger.image2Tz(2);
  switch (p) {
    case FINGERPRINT_OK:
      Serial.println("Image converted");
      break;
    case FINGERPRINT_IMAGEMESS:
      Serial.println("Image too messy");
      return p;
    case FINGERPRINT_PACKETRECIEVEERR:
      Serial.println("Communication error");
      return p;
    case FINGERPRINT_FEATUREFAIL:
      Serial.println("Could not find fingerprint features");
      return p;
    case FINGERPRINT_INVALIDIMAGE:
      Serial.println("Could not find fingerprint features");
      return p;
    default:
      Serial.println("Unknown error");
      return p;
  }
  
  
  // OK converted!
  p = finger.createModel();
  if (p == FINGERPRINT_OK) {
    Serial.println("Prints matched!");
  } else if (p == FINGERPRINT_PACKETRECIEVEERR) {
    Serial.println("Communication error");
    return p;
  } else if (p == FINGERPRINT_ENROLLMISMATCH) {
    Serial.println("Fingerprints did not match");
    return p;
  } else {
    Serial.println("Unknown error");
    return p;
  }   
  
  Serial.print("ID "); Serial.println(id);
  p = finger.storeModel(id);
  if (p == FINGERPRINT_OK) {
    Serial.println("Stored!");
  } else if (p == FINGERPRINT_PACKETRECIEVEERR) {
    Serial.println("Communication error");
    return p;
  } else if (p == FINGERPRINT_BADLOCATION) {
    Serial.println("Could not store in that location");
    return p;
  } else if (p == FINGERPRINT_FLASHERR) {
    Serial.println("Error writing to flash");
    return p;
  } else {
    Serial.println("Unknown error");
    return p;
  }   
}

After uploading this code to Arduino board open the serial monitor, it will ask for you to type in the ID to enroll – use the box up top to type in a number and click Send. choose carriage return with 9600 baud rate. After placing finger two to three times the serial monitor indicated image stored in specific id.

Code to Matching with Arduino

Open the code directly by the path in Arduino IDE : File -> Example ->Adafruit_Fingerprint→fingerprint

 

#include <Adafruit_Fingerprint.h>
#include <SoftwareSerial.h>

int getFingerprintIDez();

// pin #2 is IN from sensor (GREEN wire)
// pin #3 is OUT from arduino  (WHITE wire)
SoftwareSerial mySerial(2, 3);


Adafruit_Fingerprint finger = Adafruit_Fingerprint(&mySerial);

void setup()  
{
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Serial.println("fingertest");

  // set the data rate for the sensor serial port
  finger.begin(57600);
  
  if (finger.verifyPassword()) {
    Serial.println("Found fingerprint sensor!");
  } else {
    Serial.println("Did not find fingerprint sensor :(");
    while (1);
  }
  Serial.println("Waiting for valid finger...");
}

void loop()                     // run over and over again
{
  getFingerprintIDez();
  delay(50);            //don't ned to run this at full speed.
}

uint8_t getFingerprintID() {
  uint8_t p = finger.getImage();
  switch (p) {
    case FINGERPRINT_OK:
      Serial.println("Image taken");
      break;
    case FINGERPRINT_NOFINGER:
      Serial.println("No finger detected");
      return p;
    case FINGERPRINT_PACKETRECIEVEERR:
      Serial.println("Communication error");
      return p;
    case FINGERPRINT_IMAGEFAIL:
      Serial.println("Imaging error");
      return p;
    default:
      Serial.println("Unknown error");
      return p;
  }

  // OK success!

  p = finger.image2Tz();
  switch (p) {
    case FINGERPRINT_OK:
      Serial.println("Image converted");
      break;
    case FINGERPRINT_IMAGEMESS:
      Serial.println("Image too messy");
      return p;
    case FINGERPRINT_PACKETRECIEVEERR:
      Serial.println("Communication error");
      return p;
    case FINGERPRINT_FEATUREFAIL:
      Serial.println("Could not find fingerprint features");
      return p;
    case FINGERPRINT_INVALIDIMAGE:
      Serial.println("Could not find fingerprint features");
      return p;
    default:
      Serial.println("Unknown error");
      return p;
  }
  
  // OK converted!
  p = finger.fingerFastSearch();
  if (p == FINGERPRINT_OK) {
    Serial.println("Found a print match!");
  } else if (p == FINGERPRINT_PACKETRECIEVEERR) {
    Serial.println("Communication error");
    return p;
  } else if (p == FINGERPRINT_NOTFOUND) {
    Serial.println("Did not find a match");
    return p;
  } else {
    Serial.println("Unknown error");
    return p;
  }   
  
  // found a match!
  Serial.print("Found ID #"); Serial.print(finger.fingerID); 
  Serial.print(" with confidence of "); Serial.println(finger.confidence); 
}

// returns -1 if failed, otherwise returns ID #
int getFingerprintIDez() {
  uint8_t p = finger.getImage();
  if (p != FINGERPRINT_OK)  return -1;

  p = finger.image2Tz();
  if (p != FINGERPRINT_OK)  return -1;

  p = finger.fingerFastSearch();
  if (p != FINGERPRINT_OK)  return -1;
  
  // found a match!
  Serial.print("Found ID #"); Serial.print(finger.fingerID); 
  Serial.print(" with confidence of "); Serial.println(finger.confidence);
  return finger.fingerID; 
}

After Upload the Code,Open up the serial monitor at 9600 baud rate and when prompted place your finger against the sensor that was already enrolled. It shows found Id with number If it is the stored fingerprint.

Tutorial inspiration

http://www.elecrow.com/wiki/index.php?title=Fingerprint_Sensor




11 Comments

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